название
Квартира в наследство, в дар и налог с продажи – новое в налоговом кодексе с 2020 года
16.12.2019 1 064 771 4 448 Finansist

Квартира в наследство, в дар и налог с продажи – новое в налоговом кодексе с 2020 года

Недвижимость
С 1 января 2020 года вступят в силу важные изменения в Налоговый кодекс Российской Федерации. Кроме прочего, они затронут и рынок недвижимости. Самые существенные изменения коснутся минимального срока владения жильем для продажи — с 2020 года он будет сокращен с 5 до 3 лет.

Это значит, что продать квартиру без уплаты налогов можно будет через 3 года после ее покупки.

Впрочем, продавать без налога раньше 5 лет можно и сейчас, но не всё. Чтобы доход от продажи жилой недвижимости не облагался налогом, он должен быть в собственности не менее 5 лет (для объектов, которые приобретены после 1 января 2016 года) или не менее 3 лет (для объектов, приобретенных до 1 января 2016 года).

Также срок в 3 года работает при следующих условиях получения права собственности:

  • квартира унаследована от члена семьи или близкого родственника или подарена ими;
  • квартира приватизирована;
  • жилье передано по договору ренты, то есть пожизненного содержания с иждивением.

Что изменится со следующего года? К названным условиям добавится еще одно — жилье должно быть единственным.

Если у вас две квартиры, купленных после 1 января 2016 года, то в 2020 году при продаже одной из них вам нужно будет подавать декларацию и уплачивать НДФЛ.

При этом география недвижимости значения не имеет: у вас может быть квартира в Москве и, например, комната где-нибудь далеко за МКАДом — это значит, что у вас в собственности два объекта. Кроме того, учитывается и недвижимость, которая находится в общей собственности у супругов.

Но если у вас есть квартира и дача, которая не признана жилым помещением, то квартира — это единственное жилье в собственности.

Тут есть небольшая поправочка: если у вас в собственности имеется единственный объект недвижимости и вы решили его продать, а за 90 дней до этого уже купили новую квартиру, то в течение этого срока (90 дней) будет считаться, что в собственности находится лишь один объект. Такая привилегия может помочь тем, кто купил новое жилье в ипотеку, а потом продал старое — за счет налога, который не нужно будет платить, ипотечное бремя можно уменьшить.

Другие изменения связаны с возможностью избежать двойного налогообложения, если имущество досталось вам по наследству или в дар.
В случае наследования предельный срок владения будет составлять 3 года, то есть по истечении этого срока унаследованную квартиру можно продать и не платить налог. С подаренной квартирой 3-летний срок действует, если стороны договора дарения — родственники. В случае если между дарителем и одаряемым никаких родственных связей нет, этот срок будет составлять 5 лет.
Сейчас по закону ситуация такова:
  • если дарение осуществляется между близкими родственниками, то одаряемый не платит налог с подаренного объекта недвижимости;
  • если сделка совершена между дальними родственниками или вообще не родственниками — налог нужно заплатить.
Получается, что если квартира досталась в дар от троюродной бабушки или от соседки, налог нужно заплатить и при получении квартиры, и при ее продаже раньше 5-летнего срока владения.

С 2020 года двойного налогообложения можно будет избежать — вычесть сумму объекта недвижимости, с которой уже уплачен налог. Например, кадастровая стоимость подаренной квартиры составляет 5 млн рублей, одаряемый выплатил налог, и вскоре ему понадобилось продать обретенное жилье за 7 млн рублей.

Налог можно платить лишь с 2 млн рублей, а 5 млн вычесть из налогового бремени.


Напомним, что при покупке жилья вы имеет право на налоговый вычет в 13% — конечно, если ваши доходы легальны и с них удерживается НДФЛА с 2014 года при покупке жилья супругами рассчитывать на возврат денег могут оба, даже если право собственности оформлено лишь на одного из них.

Да, для того, чтобы получить налоговый вычет, нужно немного повозиться со сбором документов, но игра стоит свеч. При покупке квартиры в ипотеку можно вернуть до 260 тыс. рублей за покупку жилья и до 390 тыс. рублей за уплаченные по ипотеке проценты.

Для супругов эта сумма удваивается — вместе они могут получить обратно до 1,3 млн рублей!
Собираетесь купить, продать, подарить или завещать квартиру? Не лишним будет заранее разобраться в налоговых тонкостях, чтобы не переплачивать.

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